Notes: Sun, Line, and Cave analogies

Image result for analogy of the line

SOURCE OF IMAGE: https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2014/04/03/platos-republic-the-allegory-of-the-cave-and-the-analogy-of-the-divided-line/

ANALOGY OF Sun 

sunrise under cloudy sky illustration
Photo by Public Domain Pictures on Pexels.com
  • Light of the sun that visible made apparent to the eye ~ same of light of truth and being
  • Contrasts twilight of becoming and perishing ~ nature of reality to the soul
  • Light and sight like the sun but is not sun ~ science and truth is like The Good, but is not The Good (and the reverse).
  • Sun is the author of nourishment and generation, The Good is author of being/essence
  • THE GOOD BEYOND BEING AND CAUSE OF ALL EXISTENCE

ANALOGY OF Line

  • Line cut into two unequal parts (divided again with same proportion)
  • Main divisions (2), to intelligible world and to visible world
  • Visible division consists of shadows and reflections accessed through imagination
  • Higher section in visible division has sensible particulars (accessed through belief)
  • Intelligible division has forms and is accessed through thought (sensible particulars and hypotheses)
  • Higher section on intelligible division has forms accessed through understanding~ abstract science (Only Form of The Good).
  • Purpose of education is to move philosopher through various sections of line until Form of The Good is reached

ANALOGY OF Cave

  • Humans spent all lives in cave that has mouth open toward light
  • Legs/necks chained ~ cannot move ~ can only see towards back of cave
  • Fire blazing and men pass along wall carrying statues (prisoners simply see shadows ~ think that shadows are objects)
  • Sharp pains if prisoner unchained ~ begins to see statues
  • Light is bright that shadows are only seen when prisoner is dragged out of cave ~ then sees reflections ~ then the objects
  • Finally understands that sun is cause of everything around
  • PURPOSE OF EDUCATION IS TO DRAG PRISONER OUT OF CABE ~ TURN WORLD TOWARDS SUN WHICH IS A FORM OF THE GOOD
  • Vision no longer accustomed to dark ~ ridiculous to others
  • Must descend back into the cave
  • STATE IN WHICH RULERS ARE MOST RELUCTANT TO GOVERN ALWAYS BEST AND MOST QUIETLY GOVERNED (AND THE OPPOSITE)
  • RULE BY VIRTUE AND WISDOM RATHER THAN MONEY

Source: https://outre-monde.com/2010/09/25/platonic-myths-the-sun-line-and-cave/

 

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